Seas have remained fundamental to humans across the planet as a means of transportation throughout history. It is still the most utilized way for global trade. Even though air freight has also taken a significant portion of global trade, water is still the most preferred way of transportation. Obviously, there is a reason for that, i.e., ocean freight offers more benefits than the other means of transportation.
How Ocean Freight Works?
In the ocean freight, the luggage is packed in shipping containers. The freight forwarder books space or container with the shipping agent. The consignment is sent to the port and passed through customs where it originated. Goods are packed into shared or full containers given their volume and loaded into the cargo ship.
After reaching the destination, the consignment is passed through customs again. After the taxes and duties are paid, the goods are released for delivery and sent to the receiver in pallets or the same container.
What Type of Cargo is Transported Through Sea?
Ocean freight comprises two types of cargo shipments, Less than Container Load (LCL) and Full Container Load (FCL). LCL shipments are for the goods that are less in volume and cannot fill an entire container. In this case, the goods do not have a dedicated container and are placed into a shared container. Whereas, the FCL represents the goods that are in high volumes and require a whole container to themselves.
Advantages of Ocean Freight for Business
Here is why ocean freight is a great option when you are looking for international delivery:
Sea shipping is quite inexpensive when compared to air cargo transportation. Because of the nature of certain goods, the charges are pretty high if they are shipped through means other than the sea. Moreover, the shipping procedures are quite simple, especially if you hire the services of sea freight companies. That will pace up your shipping process and also let you ship your consignment at adequate prices.
It is Safe
Ocean freight is the safest means of shipping. Businesses usually deal with goods that involve long distances. Hence, it is better to go for the sea freight forwarding services instead of other transportation modes. Companies get an extra benefit with ocean freight services, as they get the goods transported under cautious supervision as compared to the routine services.
This form of shipping is appropriate for long-distance forwarding. It reduces the chance of damage or goods’ loss as compared to road transportation.
As the world is becoming more aware of the environment, businesses are expected to shoulder the responsibility. Hence, corporations with supply chain requirements are focusing on the environment-friendly modes of operations be it in transportation or production/processing of goods.
Airfreight is not just costlier but also is harmful to the environment. It releases huge amounts of pollutant gases. Thus, its carbon footprint is increased. Several countries have introduced incentives for businesses to reduce their carbon footprint. If a company goes for the air freight, it would be missing on these incentives. Choosing sea freight will attract customers who are more cautious about the environment.
Suitable for Bulky, Heavy Cargo
Ocean freight can ferry around large, oversized, and heavy cargo, usually called break-bulk or Not-in-Trailer (NIT) loads. This cargo includes equipment, large vehicles, industrial parts, construction materials, and so on. These items are too large and heavy for air freight and even road transportation.
In some cases, airplanes might be able to transport these bulky goods. But they cost way high and beyond the business budget. That is why most corporations go for ocean freight when it involves heavy goods. Not just that ships can carry heavyweight but also they are highly economical.
Ocean freight is more efficient. Smaller shipments are grouped together with other consignments to avoid wasting any space. It allows cost-sharing of the freight services. Moreover, the bulk options are plenty, as large cargo can fill more than one container.
Besides, ocean freight can carry a wide variety of goods, which is not the case with air freight. The latter have restrictions on the type of goods one can bring on board. Several items can impact the cabin pressure and eventually the safety of the flight. On the contrary, ships have fewer restrictions when it comes to carrying cargo.