According to the World Health Organization, nearly 15 million Indians are asthmatic. In spite of the growing number of asthmatics in India, there is still a lack of awareness and discussion about the causes and risks associated with Asthma. Let’s remove all the guesswork and talk about this complex disease.
Table of Contents
What Is Asthma And Why Should You Be Concerned? Are You Concerned?
Asthma, also known as bronchial or chronic asthma, is a respiratory disease that causes the airways in the lungs to narrow and swell. As a result of the disease, the airways become red and more sensitive to environmental triggers. The airways become even more swollen and secrete a large amount of mucus when they are exposed to such triggers. This condition can make it difficult to breathe and may cause wheezing and coughing.
What Is The Difference Between Asthma Types?
Asthma can be classified according to how it manifests in the person. Understanding the type of illness and following its treatment is important.
- Asthma in Children
- Adult-onset Asthma
- Allergy Asthma
- Exercise-induced Asthma
- Asthma-variant Cough
- Occupational Asthma
- Asthma at Night
The disease can have a variety of effects on patients. Asthma is difficult to understand because of its many symptoms and risks.
What Causes Asthma
Medical science has not yet been able to pinpoint the exact cause of Asthma. Genetics and environmental factors are known to play a part in the development of Asthma. Asthma can be caused by the following factors:
- Genes If both parents have Asthma, a child is more likely to get the disease than a child whose parents don’t. The disease is inherited and therefore tends to run through families.
- Asthma symptoms: Because every person reacts differently to allergens or irritants, they differ. Dust, air pollutants, pollen, paints, pet dander, etc. This irritation can lead to asthma attacks. The condition is thought to be aggravated by repeated or continuous exposure to the allergy.
- Viral respiratory infections: Respiratory infections like the common cold may cause inflammation of lung tissue and even damage. If a child has had these infections as a youngster, it can affect their lung function in the future.
- Environmental Factors: Airborne substances, such as dust, pollen, and second-hand smoke. Asthma attacks can be triggered. This disease is more likely to affect people who live in urban areas due to constant exposure to airborne substances.
Asthma Causes And Risk Factors
Talking to your doctor about possible Asthma triggers can help you start the conversation. You can be predisposed to the disease for a number of reasons. The presence or absence of risk factors known to affect respiratory diseases is used to calculate this predisposition.
1. Family History
Asthma can pass down through the blood, so if a parent or sibling has Asthma then it is more likely that a person will develop Asthma. This is because genes are a major factor in determining who gets Asthma.
2. Sex and Age
For unknown reasons, asthma is more common in boys than in girls. Experts believe this is because boys’ airways are smaller. This ratio changes as an individual approaches adulthood. Asthmatics are almost equally split between men & women as they reach adulthood.
A person with allergies such as pet dander allergies, conjunctivitis, or rhinitis may be at a greater risk of developing asthma.
Exposure to secondhand smoke or exhaust fumes is a risk factor for Bronchial Asthma. Bronchial Asthma is associated with a high risk. There is a strong link between the use of tobacco and asthma, particularly among young adults.
5. Environmental Factors
Asthma attacks can trigger by air pollutants, smog components, cold temperatures, and high levels of humidity.
6. Hyper-Reactive Airways
Asthma is more common in people with extra-sensitive lungs. This is because their lungs are more inflamed. Hyper-reactivity can vary from person to person.
There is a link between obesity and asthma, according to studies. The doctors are not sure of the cause. A person who is obese has a greater risk of developing asthma in his lifetime.
8. Pregnancy and Risks
For many reasons, smoking during pregnancy can be fatal to both the mother and the baby. The risk of asthma developing in newborns is one of the main reasons.
What Are The Symptoms Of Asthma That You Can Identify? What Are The Symptoms Of Asthma?
You may not know if you suffer from asthma. Asthma can be mild or severe. Asthma symptoms can include:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Chest pain or tightness/heaviness
- Sleep is affect by excessive coughing, especially at night.
- When you inhale and exhale, you may hear a wheezing sound (or a heavy hissing noise).
- After physical exertion, it is extremely difficult to breathe again.
How Can Asthma Be Treated?
- Asthma is not curable. It is therefore important to control asthma effectively in order to prevent severe attacks.
- It is important to confirm with your doctor if this condition or any of its symptoms are present.
- You should create an asthma action plan with your doctor if you know you have it. This plan should be aimed at managing asthma.
- You should discuss your asthma attack frequency with your doctor, and adjust your plan accordingly.
- To control asthma, your doctor may prescribe a variety of treatment options and combinations. Inhalers are used to open the airways. Steroids reduce inflammation. Other oral medications help to reduce airway reactivity.
Asthma And Your Life
Asthma is a case where the cliche “Prevention Is Better Than Cure” applies. The disease can only be managed, as it cannot be cured. Understanding the causes of Asthma and the associated risk factors will help you make the best decisions and improve your quality of life. It is surprising that correct prevention can greatly alter the condition of Asthma.